Thyroid Problems and Disease | Treatment of Thyroid


Thyroid Problems and Disease: Thyroid Is a condition that affects the function of the thyroid gland. This problem effect all the metabolic processes in your body which are controlled by the thyroid gland. It also affects multiple organ systems in your body and affects the functions of Brain development, body temperature, heart, nervous system, and menstrual cycles.

thyroid problems

What is the Thyroid?

The Thyroid is a small gland located at the front of the neck below Adam’s apple and produces thyroid hormones, which pass through the blood to regulate body functions. It is an endocrine gland consists of two lobes connected by an isthmus.

This gland secretes three hormones. Two thyroid hormones: Thyroxine/T4 and Triiodothyronine/T3 and peptide hormone calcitonin.

It regulates metabolic processes throughout the body means the absorption of substances/energies from food and regulate body temperature.

Thyroid hormones decrease cholesterol level, increase the rate and strength of the heartbeat, increase blood flow and the body temperature.

It also increases the growth rate, maintains sexual function, and sleep memory condition, Menstrual cycle, and infant development.

Types of Thyroid Problems/Disease:

There are five general types of Thyroid diseases. A person may have one or more types at the same time.

These are

1 Hypothyroidism (Low function):

Hypothyroidism is when your body or thyroid gland does not produce insufficient amount or enough of thyroid hormones. It also called underactive thyroid. This function slows down many functions of your body that means your body makes less energy and your metabolism process becomes sluggish.

It can develop problems within the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.

2 Hyperthyroidism (High function):

Hyperthyroidism occurs when your body or thyroid gland produces more thyroid hormone than your body needs. This speeds up many of your body functions like metabolism processes, Heart rate, and other organs function. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Grave’s disease, which is a problem with the immune system.

(3) Goiter :

Goiter is unusually enlarged of the thyroid gland. It will arise in patients who have an iodine deficiency in their diet. This may happen only for a short time and may go away on its own without any treatment. It is more common in women than men and especially in women before Menopause.

(4)  Thyroid Nodules :

Nodules are lumps or abnormal masses within the thyroid. It may be solid or filled with fluid or blood. It is swelling in one section of the thyroid gland. Nodules are caused by begin Cysts, Begin tumors.

(5)  Thyroid Cancer:

Thyroid Cancer happens when cancer cells form from the tissues of the thyroid gland. This is more common in women under 55 age. There are different kinds of thyroid cancer, depending upon the specific types of the cell within the thyroid.

Thyroid effects in Females/Women

The function of the thyroid gland have must with a women’s reproductive system If the thyroid is hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. This imbalance in the hormone levels has many effects on a woman’s body. These are


An overactive or underactive thyroid may affect ovulation, which release of an egg for fertilization. If a woman has a hypothyroid, her ovaries are at an increased risk for cyst development.

Thyroid modulates the development of ovarian, Uterine and Placental tissues. Therefore, hypothyroidism or Hyperthyroidism may affect fertility in women.

Puberty & Menstruation:

The Thyroid disorders can cause puberty and menstruation to occur abnormally early or late. Also, the hormone can cause very light or very heavy menstrual period and absent menstrual periods called amenorrhea. Due to thyroid problems, women suffer very irregular periods.


Problems of Thyroid may cause the early menopause means before the age of 40. This cause inability to sleep, hot flashes and feeling of fatigue and mood swings.

Pregnancy :

Thyroid disorders during pregnancy can harm the fetus. A deficiency of thyroid hormone can cause miscarriages, preterm delivery, stillbirth & postpartum Hemorrhage.

Women with overactive thyroid hyperthyroidism during pregnancy having risk morning sickness. These hormones are necessary for the body’s brain development while in the womb. So the uncontrolled hyperthyroidism & hypothyroidism can cause problem both mother and baby. In this condition rise women’s Blood Pressure during the last three months of pregnancy. It seriously affects the developing fetus.

Can Thyroid Disease be Cured

Thyroid diseases can be cured by taking proper meditation to maintain a normal thyroid state. Antithyroid meditation, radioactive iodine, and surgery are all effective treatment can restore to the thyroid function normal and cure the hyperthyroidism by removing the thyroid. Homeopathy can help with hypothyroidism problem cure. Also, home remedies are beneficial to cure a thyroid problem. Once your thyroid problem diagnosis, you easily treat your problems.

Diagnosis / Testing of Thyroid 

Diagnosing is a process in which different types of examination like a blood test, biopsy, and other tests for knowing the level of Thyroid.

Blood Tests :

In blood testing method, testing the level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in your blood which can help your doctor, Figure out your thyroid level. Also, another blood test to check the hormone in your blood.

Thyroid Biopsy Test: 

This test tells whether your thyroid nodules have normal cells in them or not. Your doctor will stick a very thin needle into the thyroid to take out some cells and fluid. Then check in microscope wither its normal cell or not. If a cell that is not normal it means it is thyroid cancer.

Radioactive Iodine Uptake Test :

In this test, you swallow a liquid or capsule that hold a small does of Radioiodine. This radioactive iodine collects your thyroid. High level of thyroid means that your thyroid makes too much thyroid hormone. Low-level means that your thyroid does not produce enough thyroid hormone.

Thyroid Scan :

 Radioiodine does give by mouth for your test in this test. During this test, you lie on a table while a special camera takes an image of your thyroid on the computer screen. This test shows the pattern of iodine uptake in the thyroid.

Thyroid Ultrasound: 

This test uses sound waves to make a picture of the thyroid on a computer screen. Your doctor checks your thyroid type is nodule or how large it. Ultrasound may also help in finding thyroid cancer.

Signs and Symptoms 

Symptoms of thyroid problem vary with different types of the thyroid.thyroid disease

Sign & Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism :

In Thyroid disorder symptoms usually begin slowly but over time, a faster metabolism can cause systems such as –

  • Weight loss (most but not all people lose weight.)
  • Rapid or irregular your heartbeat.
  • Feeling hot when other people do not.
  • Diarrhea or more bowel moment than normal.
  • Fewer or lighter menstrual periods than normal.
  • Trembling your hands and figures.
  • Increased sweating.
  • Feeling nervous and anxious.
  • Eating more than usual.
  • Hair loss.
  • Sleep disturbance.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Anxiety/nervousness, depression.
  • Bulging of the eyes, redness & irritation.

Sign & symptoms of Hypothyroidism:

when your body does not produce sufficient amount of Thyroid Hormone means Hypothyroidism, your body shows many symptoms. These are

  • Weight gain or difficult to losing weight.
  • Dry skin.
  • Dry hair & hair loss.
  • Elevated blood cholesterol level.
  • Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods.
  • Muscle aches, tenderness & stiffness.
  • Constipation.
  • Greater sensitivity to cold.
  • Slow heart rate.
  • Fatigue.
  • Join & muscle pain.
  • Memory loss.
  • Weakness.
  • Decreased libido.
  • Fluid retention.
  • Poor concentration or feeling mentally ‘foggy’.
  • Feeling very tired.
  • A hoarse voice.
  • A puffy face.
Symptom of a goiter:
  • A symptom of a goiter is a swelling in your neck. It may be large that can you see it.
  • Very large goiter problems breathing.
  • Feeling tight in your throat.
  • Inability to tolerate heat.
  • Coughing.
  • Fast heart rate.

The symptom of thyroid nodules:

Most thyroid modules don’t cause symptoms.

  • Sometime lump in the neck or enlarged thyroid.
  • Choking or difficulty swallowing.

Symptoms of thyroid cancer:

  • Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
  • Trouble breathing.
  • Trouble swallowing.
  • Swelling in the neck.
  • A lump in the neck,  growing quickly in sometimes.
  •  front neck Pain, sometimes going up to the ears.

           Any patient may have any number of sign and symptoms and they will vary with the severity of the thyroid hormone deficiency. Most people will have a combination of these symptoms.

Causes of Thyroid problems:

When your thyroid does not produce sufficient hormone or produce less hormone in your body it causes thyroid disorders.

There are a number of causes for each type of thyroid.

Causes of Hyperthyroidism:

All type of hyperthyroidism is due to an overproduction of thyroid hormones. It also sometimes occurs in several ways or may be due to the number of factors.

These are

Subacute thyroiditis:

Sometimes your thyroid gland can become inflamed after pregnancy, due to autoimmune conditions. This inflammation can cause excess thyroid hormone production in the thyroid gland. Some types of thyroiditis are painful or some types of thyroiditis are not.

Hyperfunction thyroid nodules:

It occurs when one or more an adenomas of your thyroid produce too much thyroxine hormone (T4). That causes an enlargement of the thyroid.

Nodules develop in the thyroid gland and begin to secrete thyroid hormones.

Graves’ disease:

In this disease antibodies produced by your immune system that stimulate your thyroid to produce too much T4 or thyroxine hormone, that is why it is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.

Cause of Hypothyroidism:

Hypothyroidism can occur when your body does not produce sufficient amount of thyroid hormone by your thyroid gland. But there is some other fact also cause hypothyroidism.

Autoimmune disease:

The most common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disorder known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. It occurs when your immune system produces antibodies that attack your own tissues this process also involves your thyroid these antibodies affect the thyroid’s ability to produce hormones.

Thyroid surgery:

It also causes of hypothyroidism because removing all or a large portion of your thyroid gland can halt the hormone production. That case hormone produces less amount.

Radiation Therapy:

In more cases, people used radiation to treat cancers of the head and neck that can affect your thyroid gland and may lead to hypothyroidism.

Certain medication:

Thyroid Problems and Disease

certain medication can cause hypothyroidism. Medication used for psychiatric disorders is lithium also decreases the production of thyroid From your thyroid gland. Some other cold, sinus medicines, the heart medicine amiodarone also greater risk for developing hypothyroidism.

Causes of thyroid cancer:

Thyroid cancer occurs when cells in your thyroid having some genetic Changes called mutations. This allows the cell to grow and multiply rapidly. The cells also lose the ability to destroy or die. This abnormal thyroid cells from a tumor. It can invade nearby tissue and can spread throughout the body.

Causes of goiter:

Goiter is caused by iodine deficiency in your body. The main cause of goiter is an autoimmune disease. Women over the age of 40 are at greater risk of goiter because of autoimmune disease.

Cause of thyroid nodules:

Several conditions can cause nodules to develop in your thyroid gland. Iodine deficiency or lack of iodine in your thyroid gland to develop thyroid nodules. Some thyroid adenomas produce thyroid hormones outside of you. Gland this also because nodules, fluid-filled cavities in the thyroid causes the nodules.

Risk factor or Complications of Thyroid

Complications of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism can lead to a number of complications. These are …

Heart problem:

It is the most serious complications of Hyperthyroidism. In order to more amount of thyroid hormone production, Rapid heart rate increases your risk of heart stroke & Heart failure.

Eye problem:

In this condition may develop eye side problems, including bulging, getting red or swollen eyes sensitivity to light and blurring.

Weak bones:

Hyperthyroidism can lead to weak and brittle bones called osteoporosis. Also, reduce the calcium & other minerals of bone. Too much thyroid hormone interferes with your body ability to maintain the calcium and minerals in your bones.

Red, swollen skin:

In hyperthyroidism Graves’s diseases develop   Graves’ dermopathy. It affects the skin, causing redness & swelling.

Thyroid toxic crisis:

Hyperthyroidism also causes risk of thyroid toxic Crisis means symptoms leading to a fever, a rapid pulse.

Complications of Hypothyroidism

Pituitary disorder: Due to hypothyroidism causes the failure of the pituitary gland. Because of produce enough thyroid hormone, it begins a tumor of the pituitary gland.

Mental health issues in hypothyroid depression may occur in the early stage and may become more severe over time. It also slows mental functioning.

Heart problems: Hypothyroid may also increase the risk of heart failure and heart diseases, because of bad cholesterol and low-density Lipoprotein occurs in an underactive thyroid.

Damage peripheral neuropathy: Long term hypothyroidism can damage to your peripheral nerves system which is unable to transmit information from your brain and spinal cord to the rest part of your body. It causes severe pain also.


In hypothyroidism due to low levels of thyroid hormone can interfere with ovulation, which empires fertility. It also causes miscarriages, pre-term delivery, and stillbirth.

Birth Defects:

 This disease may have higher risks of birth defects. Hypothyroidism affects Infants birthrate risk of serious problems with both physical and mental development.

Complications of Thyroid Nodules

Problem on swallowing Breathing

In large nodules can interfere with swallowing or breathing. It also choking the respiratory tract, other voice changes, it causes muscle weakness, heart disorder, and weight loss.

Heart problem

when a nodule produces thyroid hormone can result in an irregular heartbeat so the heart can damage or heart attack occurs. Also heat intolerance, anxiousness or irritability.

Problems associated with thyroid cancer

A thyroid nodule may become a thyroid cancer if it is not treatable. If a thyroid nodule is cancerous, surgery is usually required.

Treatment of Thyroid Problems

Treatment with thyroid hormones is usually simple, safe and effective if the one you and your doctor find or diagnosis what type of thyroid you have suffered.

Thyroid disorders can be treated by medication, surgery and radioactive iodine treatment. Drugs and surgery are usually effective ways to adjust hormone levels. Other treatments including diet supplements, herbal remedies, and special exercises may treat thyroid disorders. Before decides which treatment is best for you, your thyroid conditions as well as your age, health, and past medical issues. Treatment will depend on the particular diseases of the thyroid.

Hyperthyroidism Treatment:

This problem needs treatment that will slow down the making of thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone production can be slowed or stopped completely with

  • Anti-thyroid medication
  • Radioactive iodine treatment
  • Surgery

Anti-thyroid Medication:

If use anti-thyroid medication your thyroid symptoms should begin to disappear in about 7-8 weeks but you must keep continuing taking the medication for about a year for better result and also need regular checkups by your doctor.

Anti-thyroid medicines block your thyroid from making new thyroid hormone.


Beta-blockers block the effect of thyroid hormone on your body. These medicines slowing your heart rate and other thyroid problems symptoms and also beta blocker doesn’t reduce the amount of thyroid hormone that made in your body. It also prevents thyroid release from a gland.

Radioactive iodide/ Radioiodine treatment:

This treatment destroys the thyroid cells that make an excessive amount of thyroid hormone. So your gland stops producing excess thyroid hormone.


Surgery treatment can be used to remove large goiter and hyperfunctioning nodule within the gland. Thyroid surgery removes most of all the thyroid. This may cause permanent hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism Treatment:

Your treatment will depend on your symptoms and the cause of your hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism needs hormone replacement for proper thyroid hormone balance. It also treatment by supplementing the thyroid hormone.

Some medicines that are identical to the thyroid hormone (T4) is used for the treatment of hypothyroidism which balances the hormone level on your body.

Iodine and nutrition:

These are essential minerals for thyroid function. Iodine deficiency is the most common causes of goiter development and abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. So these are helpful in reducing the hypothyroidism problem.

Taking levothyroxine:

One tablet at the same time every day although some people preferred to take it at night. It replaces thyroid hormone in your body.

Goiter Treatment

Iodine mineral for thyroid function deficiency of iodine cause goiter so add iodine composition medicine in your treatment process it should make the thyroid shrink back to normal size.

Sometimes need surgery to take out part or most of the thyroid. Radioactive iodine is taken orally which reached the thyroid gland through your bloodstream destroying thyroid cells.

Treatment of Thyroid Nodules

Treatment depends on the type of nodule or which types of nodule you suffer.


This type of treatment is helpful if your nodules make too much thyroid hormone. It shrinks the nodules and makes a smaller amount of thyroid hormone.


If your nodules are the server. It is necessary to take out the nodules that may be cancerous or large nodules or cause problems in breathing and swallowing.

If you don’t surgery the large nodules, it may become cancer.

Treatment of Thyroid Cancer

Treat the thyroid cancer is usually by removing either the cancerous tissue or whole thyroid gland surgical produce known as a thyroidectomy.

Surgery can cure thyroid cancer if the cancer is small and it has not yet spread to the lymph nodes.

Radioiodine therapy destroys any thyroid cancer cells that were not removed by surgery or that have spread to the other parts of the body.

Thyroid treatment by Home Remedies:

Home remedies which are herbs, plant and spices may balance the thyroid hormone in your body with any side effects. The goal of natural remedies or home remedies is to fix the root cause of the thyroid problem. Taking herbal or home remedies in daily life can balance your thyroid hormone in your body. These remedies are tulsi leaves, ginger, garlic, Ashwagandha, and flaxseeds.

Thyroid treatment by Yoga and Exercise:

 Exercise and yoga asanas can stimulate and support the entire endocrine system. It also focuses on stimulating the throat and improve circulation as well as stretch and strengthen the thyroid gland.

Sarvangasana, bridge pose and camel pose are beneficial for thyroid problem which stimulates the thyroid gland and balances the thyroid hormone in your body.

          Here we provide detail information about thyroid, thyroid problem, symptoms, cause, and treatment which helps you to stay alert in your busy life for your health. If you have any questions regarding this article, please don’t hesitate to give your comments. 

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